International Critical Review Committee on the Long Term Nuclear Program (ICRC)
The ICRC Report presents international critical reviews of the "Interim Report Concerning the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Policy (refered to below as the "Interim Report")" agreed by the Japan Atomic Energy Commission's New Nuclear Policy Planning Council in November 2004.
In the report, 4 overseas panel members of ICRC carried out an assessment review of the "Interim Report". The Japanese panel members then made suggestions on the overseas comission members' reviews.
We hope the report will be widely used by the public. Furthermore, we hope it will generate a momentum to re-examine the government's policy on nuclear fuel cycle, especially The Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant Project.
(ICRC Chairperson: Hitoshi Yoshioka, Professor, Kyushu University / Secretariat: Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies)
The ICRC Report (2005)
Background behind the estalishment of the ICRC
During the 12th meeting of the New Policy-Planning Council (held on 12 November 2004) when the Interim Report was adopted, Council member Professor Hitoshi Yoshioka of Kyushu University proposed conducting an international review of the report. The Atomic Energy Commission didn't reject the proposal outright, but it took no action in response to his proposal.
However, the Takagi Fund for Citizen Science had for some time secured a budget allocation for a project to carry out a comparative evaluation of spent fuel management options. At this point, the Takagi Fund and Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies(ISEP) consulted together and, as a part of the Takagi Fund Research project, it was decided to ask Professor Yoshioka to work as the Chairman of an international review project. Professor Yoshioka agreed to accept this role.
ICRC consists of 4 overseas and 5 Japanese members. When selecting the committee members, a common criterion was that they be critical of the reprocessing option, but care was taken to include both people who are opposed to and people who are not-opposed to nuclear energy. With regards to the overseas committee members, it was decided to appoint one person from each of the following leading atomic energy using countries: USA, U.K, France, and Germany.
Frank von Hippel (USA), Professor of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.
Fred Barker(U.K), Nuclear Policy consultant.
Christian Kuppers(Germany), Deputy coordinator of Nuclear Engineering & Plant Safety Division of the Oeko-Institute.
Mycle Schneider(France), International energy and nuclear policy consultant.
Hitoshi Yoshioka, Professor, Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu
University. (Chairperson, ICRC)
Tetsunari Iida, Executive Director, Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies.
Yuichi Kaido, Attorney at Law.
Takeo Kikkawa, Professor, Institute of Social Science, The University of Tokyo.
Yo Fujimura, Assistant Professor Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University.
Overseas panel members were invited to Japan for the launching of the ICRC and on 29 March 2005 a kickoff meeting was held. (except Dr.Frank von Hippel) . First the Japanese panel members proposed the basic review subject matter and issues and between April and August 2005 the overseas panel members each carried out an assessment review based on this framework. The Japanese panel members then made suggestions on the overseas comission members' reviews. At the same time, the Japanese members drafted an overall report (ICRC report) based on the contents of the four review reports and, after receiving the consent of the overseas members, inserted it at the beginning of the full report.
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